Part 2 of 4      Part 2 of 4


Part 2 of 4


Chapter 1:1-6 The captivity was due to disobedience

Zechariah’s opening message comes between Haggai’s 2nd and 3rd message, and between the two verses of Haggai 2:9-10, when work on the temple was a little over a month along. The people had become disheartened. He warns them about returning to the ways of their disobedient fathers. He then encourages them with visions that God had given him for a wonderful future.


1. HORSES: WAR. Israel was in captivity but will survive and prosper forever. The heathen are at ease and have afflicted Israel. Eyes of the Lord are watching and waiting, and he is displeased. (Zech 1:7-17). God is ready for war.

2. CARPENTERS: God DESTROYS other nations (Zech 1:18-21)

3. MEASURING LINE: Other nations will JOIN Jerusalem (Zech 2)


5. CANDLESTICK & TWO OLIVE TREES: Israel is a LIGHT to the world, Christ will be the light of the world, will triumph and can’t be killed. ELIJAH & MOSES in the Tribulation (Zech 4)                    

6. FLYING ROLL: The CURSE of the law that will judge the whole earth (Zech 5:1-4)

7. FLYING EPHAH: ROME which is Babylon (Zech 5:5-10)  

8. FOUR WAR CHARIOTS: WAR and judgment on the world (Zech 6:1-8)

9. CORONATION OF JOSHUA: The BRANCH Jesus (Zech 6:9-15)                


re-arranges the nine visions into the 7 stages of God’s dealing with Israel


Stage 1


Israel the light of the world

(Israel is enlightened one Heb 6:4)


Candlestick & two olive trees

Vision #5



Stage 2



Israel will be everlasting

(Hosea, Amos, Jeremiah Micah, Isaiah, Zephaniah, Habakkuk, Zechariah, Daniel, Ezekiel, Haggai)




Vision 1



Stage 3




Other nations will be judged

and destroyed

(Matt 25:31-46)



Vision #2


Four war chariots

Vision #8



Stage 4


The world will also be judged

(Rev 3:10; Rev 13:8; Rev 16:14)



Flying roll

Vision #6




Stage 5



The BRANCH (Jesus Christ) will come

(Is 11:1; Jer 33:15; Zech 3:8;

Zech 6:12))



Vision #4


Joshua coronation

Vision #9



Stage 6


Babylon (Rome) will be defeated

(Rev 14:8; Rev 16:19; Rev 17:5; Rev 18:2; Rev 18:10; Rev 18:21)



Flying ephah

Vision #7



Stage 7


Nations will join Israel

(Rev 21:24; 21:26; 22:2)



Measuring line

Vision #3

Chapter 1:7-17 VISION OF THE HORSES (number 1 of 9)

Zec 1:8  I saw by night, and behold a man riding upon a red horse, and he stood among the myrtle trees that were in the bottom; and behind him were there red horses, speckled, and white.

 Zec 1:9  Then said I, O my lord, what are these? And the angel that talked with me said unto me, I will shew thee what these be.

 Zec 1:10  And the man that stood among the myrtle trees answered and said, These are they whom the LORD hath sent to walk to and fro through the earth.

 Zec 1:11  And they answered the angel of the LORD that stood among the myrtle trees, and said, We have walked to and fro through the earth, and, behold, all the earth sitteth still, and is at rest.

 Zec 1:12  Then the angel of the LORD answered and said, O LORD of hosts, how long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah, against which thou hast had indignation these threescore and ten years?

Zec 1:13  And the LORD answered the angel that talked with me with good words and comfortable words.

 Zec 1:14  So the angel that communed with me said unto me, Cry thou, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; I am jealous for Jerusalem and for Zion with a great jealousy.

 Zec 1:15  And I am very sore displeased with the heathen that are at ease: for I was but a little displeased, and they helped forward the affliction.

 Zec 1:16  Therefore thus saith the LORD; I am returned to Jerusalem with mercies: my house shall be built in it, saith the LORD of hosts, and a line shall be stretched forth upon Jerusalem.

 Zec 1:17  Cry yet, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; My cities through prosperity shall yet be spread abroad; and the LORD shall yet comfort Zion, and shall yet choose Jerusalem.

By night God comes as a thief in the night (1Thess 5:2) when man doesn’t expect it. It is the time when he asleep. Zechariah is a as man awakened out of his sleep (Zech 4:1)

A man God’s operations will be down here on earth. When events happen in heaven, men are not mentioned

Riding represents a greater distance that can be covered. A walking man covers small distance and he can become tired. This horse, and the others mentioned, will be going great distances covering the earth, and not be tiring.

Red horse represents power to get men on earth to kill each other, as God will not be doing the killing.  and also to take peace from the earth. This horse, and man, has a great sword, which he doesn’t necessarily use. It’s God’s horse ready for war (Rev 6:4). Christ came on an ass, a symbol of peace and not war. This time God comes is a man of war and ready for killing, on a horse. Israel were told not to go into Egypt for the horses (Deut 17:16) as Egypt was a war-like nation. Israel was not to have the war symbols of horses. Why? God would do their fighting for them. God kills Egypt horses showing that God is more powerful than the war machine of the pursuing Egyptian army and chariots (Deut 11:4)

Myrtle stands for permanence and a sign that Israel will be everlasting (Is 55:13).

Trees – there are many here. One tree would be enough, but God wants to show his overwhelming and abundant love and promise to Israel with many ‘everlasting’ trees. It’s a sign to Israel that it stands for everlasting, everlasting and everlasting and so on. As stated, one ‘everlasting’ would be enough.

Behind him. The man on the red horse is the main character here with power to induce killing, and to kill, and take peace away from the earth. The other horses behind him are God’s spirits that will walk and search out, and indeed survey, all parts of the earth.  

In the bottom represents hid from sight (Amos 9:3). God is hidden from the sight of Israel. They are asking “Where are you God? How long will you not have mercy on Jerusalem? We have suffered for 70 years in captivity!” (Zech 1:12). God is waiting and will not be pushed into action against his own will.

Horses represent God’s four spirits of the heavens (Zech 6:2-3, 5) that go into the four corners of the earth.

Red horses stand for war, killing, no peace. The question is asked: “But why does the Lord Jesus Christ comes on a white horse? Shouldn’t he be on a red horse (Rev 19:11)? No. The white horse shows he is God himself as he is light and in him is no darkness at all (1John 1:5). However his clothes are soaked in blood meaning he is WAR HIMSELF PERSONIFIED.

Speckled horses represent Jacob wages and inheritance (Jeremiah 12:9, Laban may have robbed Jacob of wages, and indeed, the world may rob Israel, but Israel’s inheritance will be the world. The speckled horse says “The world is mine. It is Jacob’s. It is God’s. I am Jacob”.

White horses represents the righteousness of Christ, God himself, on a white horse, to judge and make war (Rev 19:11). White horses represent fine linen, white and clean, and these are what the righteous saints wear (Rev 19:14).

The angel – God’s dealing with Israel and the Hebrews nation in the Old Testament, involves angels. Angels are next to God in importance. The Jew listened, talked to and believed angels when they appeared.

The man – this is another man, different from the one riding the red horse

Walk to and fro through the earth represents God searching for those who have a heart toward him (2Chron 16:9). God is not running, he is patient and waiting, as he is biding his time for the right moment.

The angel of the LORD - is Gabriel who helps men understand visions (Jude 1:9; Rev 12:7). The red, speckled and white horses have returned and tell Gabriel what they have seen.

All the earth sitteth still and is at rest – this is explained in verse 15 as “the heathen are at ease” meaning they don’t care about the things of God and Israel.

How long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem Then Gabriel asks the question of God as to when he will show mercy to Israel as they were in captivity for 70 years. And indeed God gave them his anger, scorn and contempt.

Zion – Zion is God’s physical place here on earth, generally represented as physical Jerusalem.

My house – God’s temple at Jerusalem. God will be merciful, he will make Jerusalem and other cities prosperous as he will choose Israel to be everlasting.

A line shall be stretched forth upon Jerusalem – this is explained in Zech 2:1-2. God is an exact God and has already determined the tiniest dimensions of Jerusalem and he will bring this to pass (Rev 11:1;Rev 11:2 ; Rev 21:15)

Chapter 1:18-21 VISION OF THE HORNS AND CARPENTERS (number 2 of 9)

Zec 1:18  Then lifted I up mine eyes, and saw, and behold four horns.

 Zec 1:19  And I said unto the angel that talked with me, What be these? And he answered me, These are the horns which have scattered Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem.

 Zec 1:20  And the LORD shewed me four carpenters.

 Zec 1:21  Then said I, What come these to do? And he spake, saying, These are the horns which have scattered Judah, so that no man did lift up his head: but these are come to fray them, to cast out the horns of the Gentiles, which lifted up their horn over the land of Judah to scatter it.

Four horns – Horns represent the power of a nation. There is the true horn of God (Ps 18:2) and then there are the false horns are the other nations that have scattered the Jews around the world.

Carpenters are the builders that will rip to shreds, terrify and frighten (fray) and cast out the other nations.

Carpenters will also build David a house (2Sam 5:11)

Four - Christ comes from the 4th tribe of Judah. Four also represents the four corners of the earth.

Chapter 2 VISION OF THE MEASURING LINE (number 3 of 9)

Zec 2:1  I lifted up mine eyes again, and looked, and behold a man with a measuring line in his hand.

Zec 2:2   Then said I, Whither goest thou? And he said unto me, To measure Jerusalem, to see what is the breadth thereof, and what is the length thereof.

 Zec 2:3  And, behold, the angel that talked with me went forth, and another angel went out to meet him,

 Zec 2:4  And said unto him, Run, speak to this young man, saying, Jerusalem shall be inhabited as towns without walls for the multitude of men and cattle therein:

Zec 2:5  For I, saith the LORD, will be unto her a wall of fire round about, and will be the glory in the midst of her.

 Zec 2:6  Ho, ho, come forth, and flee from the land of the north, saith the LORD: for I have spread you abroad as the four winds of the heaven, saith the LORD.

 Zec 2:7  Deliver thyself, O Zion, that dwellest with the daughter of Babylon.

 Zec 2:8  For thus saith the LORD of hosts; After the glory hath he sent me unto the nations which spoiled you: for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye.

 Zec 2:9  For, behold, I will shake mine hand upon them, and they shall be a spoil to their servants: and ye shall know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me.

 Zec 2:10  Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion: for, lo, I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith the LORD.

 Zec 2:11  And many nations shall be joined to the LORD in that day, and shall be my people: and I will dwell in the midst of thee, and thou shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto thee.

 Zec 2:12  And the LORD shall inherit Judah his portion in the holy land, and shall choose Jerusalem again.

 Zec 2:13  Be silent, O all flesh, before the LORD: for he is raised up out of his holy habitation.

Towns without walls – God is exact (see Zech 1:16) but Israel will not need to defend itself like other nation’s cities, as God will defend them (Ex14:24)

The land of the north is Russia Gog of Magog (Ezek 38:2; Rev 20:8)

I have spread you abroad as the four winds of the heaven – Jews are in every nation of the world. God dispersed them everywhere after 70 AD.

Apple of his eye – an apple is the most nourishing of fruit. As the saying goes “An apple a day keeps the doctor away.” Good nutrition will keep you healthy. Other fruit is good nutrition, but apples are the best. Israel is not the banana of God’s eye, as the pupil in the eye is not curved but round – just like an apple.

Babylon represents captivity. Jerusalem is measured and has no walls, but God will its wall. God will protect them.

They shall be a spoil to their servants – Babylon was used by God to capture Israel but Babylon will be destroyed and all those nations that serve her. This will be Rome which is the whore of Babylon (Rev 17:1, 15, 16; 19:2)

Many nations shall be joined to the LORD in that day - Other nations will come and join the Lord in Jerusalem (Rev 2:24).

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Harley Hitchcock


Australian Bible Ministries, PO Box 5058 Mt. Gravatt East 4122 Qld, Australia