BULLSEYE!
ACCURATE BIBLE KNOWLEDGE!
“HAGGAI – THE CARROT AND A STICK PROPHET”

The ‘stick’ was used to get the temple rebuilt after being captives in Babylon

The ‘carrot’ was the promise of a more glorious temple to come in the book of The Revelation of St John the Divine.

THE PROPHETS – THEIR MISSION AND MESSAGE

1.  To try and save the Hebrew nation from IDOLATRY and wickedness.

2.  Failing this, to announce to the nation, that they will be destroyed.

3.  But not completely destroyed, as a remnant (a few left) will be saved.

4.  Out of this remnant will come a Person who will bring all nations to God.

5.  That person will be a great man who will one day arise out of the family tree of David. The prophets called him THE BRANCH. This family tree of David, once the most powerful family in the world, was cut down in the days of the prophets, and disappeared. But the family would comeback with this man called THE BRANCH - THE KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS (Rev 19:16).

Not understanding the full meaning and importance of their words, the prophets were still 100% obedient.

THERE WERE 16 PROPHETS DIVIDED INTO FOUR GROUPS

1. NORTHERN KINGDOM CALLED ISRAEL had the ten tribes, and lasted about 210 years, and the prophets during this period were Amos, Hosea.

The destruction and captivity Northern kingdom went from 734-721BC. They were taken to Assyria have simply disappeared from the face of the earth.

2. SOUTHERN KINGDOM CALLED JUDAH had the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, and lasted about 320 years, and the prophets during this period were Joel, Isaiah, Micah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Habakkuk, Zephaniah.

The destruction and captivity of the Southern kingdom, went from 606-586BC. Taken to Babylon.

Invading armies didn’t kill and destroy everything at once, but slowly strangled their captive nations, with taxes, slaves and goods. Under their rule, they then left the very poorest in the land to struggle on.

3. THE RESTORATION OF THE NATION made up of only Judah and Benjamin, NOW CALLED ISRAEL, happened from 536-444BC, and the prophets during this period were Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi.

4. THE OTHER NATIONS were ASSYRIA (Nineveh) with the two prophets Jonah and Nahum; and EDOM (Esau) with the prophet Obadiah

 
THE 16 PROPHETS ARE GROUPED AS FOLLOWS 

 

ISRAEL

Northern Tribes

 

JUDAH

Southern Tribes

 

 

Other Nations

 

 

 

 

 

Amos

 

Hosea

Joel

 

 

 

Jonah

Assyria, Nineveh

 

Nahum

Assyria, Nineveh

 

Obadiah

Edom (Esau)

 

 

Isaiah

 

Micah

 

Jeremiah

 

Habakkuk

 

Zephaniah

 

 

BEFORE CAPTURE TO BABYLON

 

 

Daniel

 

 

 

CAPTIVES IN BABYLON

 

 

Ezekiel

 

 

 

RETURN FROM CAPTIVITY

 

 

 

Haggai

 

 

 

 

 

Zechariah

 

 

 

 

 

Malachi

 

 

 

 

 THE FOLLOWING IS A ONE PAGE PICTURE
OF THE KINGS AND THE ASSOCIATED PROPHETS


 “TABLE OF KINGS AND PROPHETS”
 

KINGS and PROPHETS

 

Two

Prophets

Year BC

 

Year BC

Fourteen

Prophets

 

 

The Exodus 40 years

1446

 

 

 

Joshua in Canaan 16 years

1406

 

 

 

The Judges 340 years

(450 yrs with gaps Acts 13:20)

1390

 


Samuel 1100-1050 BC

 

 

Saul 40yrs

1050

 

 

David 40yrs

1010

Nathan

 

 

Solomon 40yrs

  970

 

 

930

KINGS NORTHERN

 reign years

KINGS SOUTHERN

reign years

  930

 

 

930-911

1 Jeroboam I       22

1 Rehoboam        17

930-914

 

 

 

2 Nadab                2

2 Abijah               2

 

 

 

 

3 Baasha             24

3 Asa                 40

912-872

 

 

 

4 Elah                   2

 

 

 

 

 

5 Zimri           7 days

 

 

 

 

 

6 Omri                 12

 

 

 

Elijah

875-850

 

 


Elisha

850-800

 

AMOS

780-740


HOSEA

760-720

 

875-854

7 Ahab                     22

4 Jehoshaphat    25

874-850

 

855-854

8 Ahaziah             2

5 Jehoram           8

850-843

 

854-843

9 Joram               12

6 Ahaziah            1

843

 

843-816

10 Jehu               28

 Athaliah          6

843-837

 

820-804

11 Jehoahaz        17

7 Joash              40

843-803

       JOEL            840-830

       

        JONAH           790-770     

                                     ISAIAH         745-695

      

 

                                       MICAH         740-700

      

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
ZEPHANIAH   639-608

       NAHUM          630-610

       JEREMIAH      626-586

                                  HABAKKUK     606-586

       

           

       OBADIAH       586

806-790

12 Joash             16

8 Amaziah          30

803-775

790-749

13 Jeroboam II   41

9 Uzziah             50

787-735

748

14 Zachariah   6 mth

10 Jotham          15

749-734

748

15 Shallum      1 mth

 

 

748-738

16 Menahem        10

 

 

738-736

17 Pekahiah          2

 

   

748-730

18 Pekah             20

11 Ahaz              15

741-726

730-722

19 Hoshea             9

12 Hezekiah        30

726-697

 

      ASSYRIA CAPTIVITY

                   734-722

13 Manasseh       55

697-642

 

 

 

14 Amon               2

641-640

 

 

 

15 Josiah             30

639-608

 

 

 

16 Jehoahaz           1

608

 

 

 

17 Jehoakim        10

608-597

 

 

 

Assyria falls 607 - Rise of Babylon

 

 

 

18 Jehoakin          1

597

 

 

 

19 Zedekiah         10

597-586

 

 

 

            BABYLON CAPTIVITY                 DANIEL     606-534

                     606–586                        EZEKIEL         592-570                                                      

 

 

 

Babylon falls 536 - Rise of Persia

Return from captivity 536

 

 

 

Joshua

536-516

       HAGGAI   520-516

 

 

 

Zerubbabel

536-516

        ZECHARIAH   520-516

 

 

 

                             Temple rebuilt

 

 

 

Ezra

457-430

 

 

 

 

Nehemiah

444-432

  

 

 

 

                                 Wall rebuilt         

                                                           MALACHI      440-400

 

 THE PROPHET HAGGAI

 AFTER THE 70 YEARS OF CAPTIVITY

About 50,000 Jews, by the decree of King Cyrus of Persia, having conquered Babylon, had returned to their own land in 536BC, after a 70 year captivity in Babylon 606-536BC.

Previously, Jerusalem had been conquered, burned, the temple demolished and the people carried away to Babylon as told in 2 Kings 24, 25.

After their return, they just managed to build an altar for sacrifices to the Lord, and start work on the foundation for the temple, but their enemies had stopped further activity, and God was far from satisfied. 

Using the ‘carrot and stick’ method, this two ‘tag ‘man team, sent by the LORD, of Haggai and Zechariah, take it in turns in urging Israel to complete the temple over a four year period 520 -516BC.

PROPHETS WERE CHOSEN OF GOD …
to tell the certain future before it happened, with prophecy.

They would not predict the future, as this would imply guesswork on the part of the prophet. God simply used these messengers, to tell what WOULD be happening. No guessing needed!

The books of the prophets, Isaiah to Malachi, cover about 400 years, 830-430BC approximately, when the Hebrew nation was in decline.

THE TIME LINE

606 – 536 BC: 70 years captivity in Babylon

536          BC: Altar built for sacrifices and the temple work started

536 – 520 BC: 16 years of no work on the temple

520 – 516 BC: 4 years from Haggai and Zechariah urging the temple completion.

536 BC    50,000 Jews, under Zerubbabel, return to Jerusalem. (Read Ezra,   

               Nehemiah, Esther).

536 BC    7th month, they build and altar and offer sacrifice.

535 BC    2nd month, work on the temple begins and is stopped.

520 BC    6th month (September), 1st day, Haggai’s 1st call to build.

                   (Haggai 1:2, 3-11)

               6th month, 24th day, building begins (Haggai 1:14)

               7th month (October), 21st day, Haggai’s 2nd call to build (Haggai 2:1-9)

               8th month (November), Zechariah’s 1st address (Zech 1:3-6)

               9th month (December), 24th day, Haggai’s 3rd & 4th call to build

                    (Haggai 2:18, 20)

              11th month (February), 24th day, Zechariah’s visions (Zech 1:7-Zec 6:15)

518 BC    9th month (December), 4th day, Zechariah & fasting and compassion

                    (Zech 7:1-14)      

516 BC   12th month (March), 3rd day, the temple is completed (Ezra 6:15)

515 BC    1st month (April), 14th – 21st days, a very joyful Passover.

457 BC    Ezra comes to Jerusalem and makes certain reforms.

444 BC    Nehemiah rebuilds the wall. This is then the period of Malachi. 

Chapter 1 Work on the temple begins
Fifteen years earlier, the temple foundation had been laid (Ezra 3:10). Then it had stopped as the people had lost interest. God says through Haggai that this is the reason for their poor crops. One of the main teachings of the Old Testament, is that national disasters were the result of disobedience to God. People took this to heart and commenced rebuilding 24 days later.

 Chapter 2 Future glory of God’s house
Within another 27 days, the old foundations had been cleared. Then Haggai came forward with his vision of the temple’s future exceeding the glory of Solomon’s temple.

In summary:

 HAGGAI 520-516BC

1.  REBUILDING THE TEMPLE;

2.  THE 2ND COMING OF A GREATER TEMPLE

 
Temple rebuilding from 520-516.

Since the Jews return in 536, nothing done for 15 years.

 
Chapter 1 Foundation laid but no interest & poor crops.


Chapter 2 Future glory of temple.

1. Haggai’s 1st appeal Hag 1:2
2. Work begins Hag 1:4

3. Haggai’s 2nd appeal Hag 2:1-9
4. Zechariah 1st speech Zec 1:1
5. Haggai’s 3rd Hag 2:12-19
6. Haggai’s 4th Hag 2:21-23
7. Zechariah’s vision Zech 1:7
8. Zechariah’s vision Zech 7:1

Haggai tells of the future of
1. Armageddon
Hag 2:6,22  
2. Millennium Hag 2:7-9

 

**** ****

Harley Hitchcock

Tuesday 2nd November 2021


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